Stripped screws and loose screws can be a major headache whenever they happen. Honestly, it could be one of the most frustrating things that can happen when you are in the middle of a project. Whether you are trying to take something a part, or put something together, once you strip a screw most people don’t know how to fix it. So before you waste a lot of time and some of your sanity, here are some tips to help you avoid stripping a screw and how to deal with it if it happens.
How to avoid stripping a screw
Not all screws are made the same or made of the same material, so some screws will strip easier than others. The easiest way to avoid stripping a screw is to adjust the torque (or the that little setting on your cordless drill). Most cordless drills and drivers with have adjustable torque, which will allow you to adjust the settings.. the lower the number, the less torque will be applied. A good rule of thumb is that the smaller the screw, the less torque you will want to use. It is always smart to start out with less torque to avoid stripping the screw, and adjust it up accordingly. The exception to this rule would be drywall screws, which you would always want to use less torque on to avoid driving the screw head in too far and breaking the paper on the surface of the drywall. When you are screwing directly into wood, especially harder woods, it is always recommended that you pre-drill a hole so that you avoid not only stripping the screw, but also splitting the wood.
How to remove a stripped screw
So you come across a stripped screw… so how do you remove it? They now make special drill bits that you can use to remove a stripped screw, but that is just one more tool that you have to keep in your tool box (plus it costs more money). While I am sure there are several other ways to effectively remove a stripped screw, here are the two easiest that I have found and would always recommend before going out and spending money on a new drill bit.
1) Screwdriver and hammer– One technique for removing that screw would be to take a Philips head screw driver and insert it into the screw. Gently tap down on the screw driver to drive it into the screw. Then with as much downward force as possible, try to turn the screw. The majority of the time this will work.
2) Screwdriver and rubber band– a really simple way to get remove a stripped screw is to use an every day household item… a rubber band. By laying a rubber band over the stripped screw and inserting the screw driver into the rubber band, it helps fill the void in the screw and give the screw driver something to grip onto. Apply a lot of downware force, and you should have that screw removed in no time. I have found that this technique works very well with exposed screws, but is harder to do on screws that have been painted over or rusted. Either way, this is a very simple and inexpensive way of getting that stripped screw to come out.
In some cases a screw may end up becoming too loose as opposed to being stripped. This will happen more often with materials like particle board, fiberboard, and mdf, but can also happen with solid woods as well. Once a screw becomes too loose or the hole becomes too big, you lose the ability to tighten the screw. Luckily there is an easy fix for that.
Everyone uses something different but the concept is still the same. You have to fill in part or all of the hole to give the screw something to grab onto again. You can use toothpicks, match sticks, golf tees, or wooden dowels and they will all accomplish the same goal of filling in the hole
While any of them will be effective, I prefer to use wooden dowels and glue to ensure that it will never come loose again. If you are using tooth picks or match sticks, you can literally just break them off and insert them into the hole. For using wooden dowels, there are some extra steps
1) Using a drill bit, widen the hole to fit the size of the wooden dowel you are using
2) Using a couple drops of wood glue in the hole, and insert the wooden dowel. Let this sit until the glue dries
3) Using a saw or chisel, break off the dowel to be level with the surface
4) Predill a new hole so that you don’ t strip the screw
5) Screw in the new screw back in.
By taking these couple of extra steps, you can insure that screw is NEVER coming back out!
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